Health Impacts of Radio Frequency from Smart Meters

Author(s): Richmond, Rollin; Long, Jane C.S.; Macari, Emir; Mantey, Patrick; McCarthy, Ryan; Papay, Larry; Winickoff, David; Wright, Paul

Release Date: March 31, 2011 | Last Updated Date: February 20, 2015

Abstract

SmartMeters are electronic monitoring devices that continuously measure the electricity output from each household and business. They communicate on a regular basis back to the utility. The goal is to enable power companies to better understand patterns of power consumption throughout the day and adjust power generation accordingly.

At the request of Assembly Member Jared Huffman (Marin) and Assembly Member Bill Monning (Santa Cruz), CCST agreed to compile and assess the evidence available to address the following two issues:

  • Whether FCC standards for SmartMeters are sufficiently protective of public health taking into account current exposure levels to radiofrequency and electromagnetic fields.
  • Whether additional technology specific standards are needed for SmartMeters and other devices that are commonly found in and around homes, to ensure adequate protection from adverse health effects.

CCST found that, given the body of existing, generally accepted scientific knowledge regarding smart meters and similar electronic devices, the FCC standard provides an adequate factor of safety against known RF induced health impacts of smart meters and other electronic devices in the same range of RF emissions. At this time, there is no clear evidence that additional standards are needed to protect the public from smart meters or other common household electronic devices.

The final version of the report takes taking into account input and reviews received during the public comment period in January. Comments received as part of this process have also been released.

Additional Downloads

American Academy of Pediatrics

The Sensitivity of Children to Electromagnetic Fields  – August 3, 2005

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Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency (ARPANSA)

Radiation Protection – Mobile Telephones and Health Effects – June 25, 2010

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Documents from the California Department of Public Health (CDPH)

Correspondence Provided by Rick Kreutzer, California Department of Health – March 10, 2011

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Mixed Signals About Cellphones’ Health Risks Hang Up Research – The Chronicle – September 26, 2010

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Summary of the Literature: What do we Know About Cell Phones and Health? – July 20, 2010

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Brain Tumor Risk in Relation to Mobile Telephone Use: Results of the INTERPHONE International Case, Oxford University Press – March 8, 2010

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Mobile Phones and Health, U.K. Department of Health

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Late Lessons from Early Warnings: Towards Realism and Precaution with EMF, David Gee, European Environment Agency – January 30, 2009

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Statement of Finnish Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK) Concerning Mobile Phones and Health – January 7, 2009

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Fact Sheet: Children and Safe Cell Phone Use, Toronto Public Health – July 2008

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Children and Mobile phones: The Health of the Following Generations in Danger, Russian National Committee on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection – April 14, 2008

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AFSSE Statement on Mobile Phones and Health, French Environmental Health and Safety Agency – AFSSE – April 16, 2003

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Committee on Man and Radiation (COMAR)

IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society Committee on Man and Radiation (COMAR)

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COMAR Technical Information Statement the IEEE Exposure Limits for Radiofrequency and Microwave Energy

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Commonwealth Club of California

The Health Effects of Electromagnetic Fields (Video) – November 18, 2010

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Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI)

EMF/RF Program at EPRI

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Radio-Frequency Exposure Levels from Smart Meters: A Case Study of One Model – February 2011

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Environmental Protection Agency

EPA’s Response to Janet Newton – March 8, 2002

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EPA’s Response to Jo-Anne Basile – September 16, 2002

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Epidemiology

Prenatal and Postnatal Exposure to Cell Phone Use and Behavioral Problems in Children – July 2008 – Volume 19 – Issue 4 – pp 523-529

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European Journal of Oncology – Ramazzini Institute

Non-Thermal Effects and Mechanisms of Interaction between Electromagnetic Fields and Living Matter – 2010

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Federal Communications Commission

Radio Frequency Safety FAQs

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RF Safety Page

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Statement Provided by Robert Weller, Chief, Technical Analysis Branch, Office of Engineering and Technology, Federal Communications Commission, Regarding FCC Regulations – February 3, 2011

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Federal Communications Commission Response to Cindy Sage – August 6, 2010

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FFC Certifications for the Silver Spring Networks Devices

Download – September 28, 2009 – 1st Approval

Download – September 28, 2009 – 2nd Approval

Download – July 6, 2009

Download – September 4, 2007

Questions and Answers about Biological Effects and Potential Hazards of Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields – August 1999

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Evaluating Compliance with FCC Guidelines for Human Exposure to Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields – August 1997

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Food and Drug Administration

No Evidence Linking Cell Phone Use to Risk of Brain Tumors – May 2010

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U.K. Health Protection Agency

Wi-Fi – Last Reviewed October 26, 2009

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International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP)

ICNIRP Statement on the “Guidelines for Limiting Exposure to Time-Varying Electric, Magnetic, and Electromagnetic Fields (up to 300 GHz)” – September 2009

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Epidemiologic Evidence on Mobile Phones and Tumor Risk – September 2009

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Exposure to High Frequency Electromagnetic Fields, Biological Effects and Health Consequences (100 kHz – 300 GHz) – 2009

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National Academies Press

Identification of Research Needs Relating to Potential Biological or Adverse Health Effects of Wireless Communication – 2008

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An Assessment of Potential Health Effects from Exposure to PAVE PAWS Low-Level Phased-Array Radiofrequency Energy – 2005

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National Cancer Institute

Cell Phones and Cancer Risk (Fact Sheet)

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Cell Phones and Brain Cancer: What We Know (and Don’t Know) – September 23, 2008

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National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

Electric & Magnetic Fields

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PG&E

Understanding Radio Frequency (RF)

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Smart Grid: Utility Challenges in the 21st Century – Andrew Tang, Smart Energy Web – September 18, 2009

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Supplemental Report on An Analysis of Radiofrequency Fields Associated with Operation of PG&E SmartMeter Program Upgrade System  – October 27, 2008

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Summary Discussion of RF Fields and the PG&E SmartMeter System (2005 Report and 2008 Supplemental Report)

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Analysis of RF Fields Associated with Operation of PG&E Automatic Meter Reading Systems – April 5, 2005

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Provided by Jerrold Bushberg

Background on the Thermal vs. Non-thermal Exposure and Health Issue – March 2011

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Provided by Raymond Neutra

Should the World Health Organization (W.H.O.) Apply the Precautionary Principal to Low and High Frequency Electromagnetic Fields? – October 2010

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Society for Risk Analysis

Risk Governance for Mobile Phones, Power Lines and Other EMF Technologies – 2010

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University of Ottawa

Wireless Communication and Health – Electromagnetic Energy and Radiofrequency Radiation FAQs

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World Health Organization

Electromagnetic Fields (EMF)

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Electromagnetic Fields and Public Health – Mobile Phones

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Electromagnetic fields (EMF) – Fact sheets and Backgrounders

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Unsolicited Submission – Alexander Blink, Executive Director of the DE-Toxics Institute, Fairfax CA

Points and Sources Submitted for Consideration by Alexander Blink 1

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Points and Sources Submitted for Consideration by Alexander Blink 2

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Public Health Implications of Wireless Technologies, Cindy Sage

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Memory and Behavior, By Henry Lai, Bioelectromagnetics Research Laboratory, University of Washington

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Unsolicited Submission – Sage Consulting

Assessment of Radiofrequency Microwave Radiation Emissions from Smart Meters

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Cindy Sage Letter to Julius Knapp (FCC) – September 22, 2010

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Response Letter to Cindy Sage from Julius Knapp (FCC) – August 6, 2010

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Cindy Sage Letter to Edwin D. Mantiply (FCC) – March 15, 2010

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Bioinitiative Report: A Rationale for a Biologically-based Public Exposure Standard for Electromagnetic Fields (ELF and RF)

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Bioinitiative Report: What is the BioInitiative Report?

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Bioinitiative Report: Myocardial Function Improved by Electromagnetic Field Induction of Stress Protein hsp70

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Bioinitiative Report: The Interphone Brain Tumor Study – Cindy Sage, Editorial Perspective

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Bioinitiative Report: Steps to the Clinic with ELF EM

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Mobile Phone Base Stations – Effects on Wellbeing and Health – Pathophysiology  – August 2009

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Increased Blood-Brain Barrier Permeability in Mammalian Brain 7 Days after Exposure to the Radiation from a GSM-900 Mobile Phone – Pathophysiology – August 2009

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Public Health Implications of Wireless Technologies – Pathophysiology – August 2009

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Genotoxic Effects of Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields – Pathophysiology – August 2009

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Epidemiological Evidence for an Association Between Use of Wireless Phones and Tumor Diseases – Pathophysiology – August 2009

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Public Health Risks from Wireless Technologies: The Critical Need for Biologically-based Public Exposure Standards for Electromagnetic Fields – BioInitiative Briefing for President-Elect Obama Transition Team

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The BioInitiative Report: A Rationale for A Biologically-based Public Exposure Standard for Electromagnetic Fields (ELF and RF) – Cindy Sage PowerPoint Presentation – November 2007

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Unsolicited Submission – Wilner & Associates

SmartMeters and Existing Electromagnetic Pollution – January 2011

(Please note: This study was not commissioned by CCST)

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Application for Modification Before the California Public Utilities Commission

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Other Documents

Health Canada Safety Code 6 and City of Toronto’s Proposed Prudent Avoidance Policy – 2010

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Transmitting Smart Meters Pose A Serious Threat To Public Health – Electricalpollution.com

View External Page

RF Safety and WiMax FAQs: Addressing Concerns About Perceived Health Effects

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Scientific Panel on Electromagnetic Field Health Risks: Consensus Points, Recommendations, and Rationales – NCBI – 2011

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Mobile Phone Health Hazard: Call for Changes in Radiation Norms – The Hindu – February 2011

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Relevant Websites

EMF-Portal of the RWTH Aachen University

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EMFacts Consultancy

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EMF Safety Network

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LBA Group

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CDC’s NIOSH Program Portfolio

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Stop Smart Meters

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